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Answer 64. King Richard III promised Elizabeth that if she emerged from sanctuary with her daughters (his nieces), he would provide money and husbands for all five of them.

Richard also gave this guarantee: ‘I shalle see that they shalbe in suertie of their lyffes and also not suffer any maner hurt by any maner persone or persones to theim or any of theim in their bodies and persones to be done by wey of Ravisshement or defouling contrarie their willes.’

Who could refuse an offer like that? Elizabeth came out of sanctuary. None of her daughters was raped. One later married King Henry VII, who defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth in 1485. She became the queen depicted on playing cards and is an ancestor of the present monarch.


Richard usurped the throne two weeks after Lord Hastings’ murder. Though not yet crowned, he rode in great state to Westminster Hall on 26 June 1483. An audience of the most powerful people in the land watched sceptically as the man who had just stolen the throne from his own nephew entered the hall and tried to convince them of his respect for the law:


‘When he had placed himself in the Court of the King’s Bench, he declared to the audience that he would take upon him the crown in that place there, where the king himself sitteth and ministreth the law, because he considered that it was the chiefest duty of  a king to minister the laws.

‘Then, with as pleasant an oration as he could, he went about to win unto him the nobles, the merchants, the artificers, and, in conclusion, all kind of men, but specially the lawyers.’

To show that he meant no one any harm, Richard summoned one of his bitterest enemies to appear before him. Sir John Fogge had sought sanctuary nearby (presumably in the Abbot of Westminster’s house, along with Queen Elizabeth). A greedy and grasping courtier from King Edward IV’s time, Fogge must have had Lord Hastings’ fate on his mind as he left sanctuary and presented himself nervously to Richard in Westminster Hall.

HISTORIC LONDON: X MARKS THE SPOT. Question  65. What did King Richard III do when Sir John Fogge arrived at Westminster Hall?

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