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Answer 74. Millais, Rossetti and Holman Hunt had decided to call themselves the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

They admired Raphael’s paintings, but felt that too many later artists had slavishly copied his rather formal style. They wanted to return to the freer work of earlier painters instead.

The Brotherhood agreed to meet once a month at first, but enjoyed each other’s company so much that they were soon meeting several times a week.


EdConfessorThis is the tomb in Westminster Abbey of Edward the Confessor, who built the original abbey. During the Middle Ages, it was a magnet for pilgrims, convinced of its miraculous powers.

The base contains recesses for sick people to pray in the hope of a cure. Among those who did was King Henry IV. He was taken ill here in March 1413 before dying in the Jerusalem Chamber (Question 37).

Healthy people prayed for help too. At nine a.m. on 15 June 1381, an unpopular official fled here to escape a howling mob:

‘Great numbers of the commons came into Westminster Abbey at the hour of Tierce and there they found Richard Imworth, Marshal of the Marshalsea and warden of the prisoners, a tormentor without pity; he was at the shrine of St Edward, embracing  a marble pillar, to crave aid and succour from the saint to preserve him from his enemies.

‘But the commons wrenched his arms away from the pillar of the shrine, and dragged him away to Cheapside, and there beheaded him.’

HISTORIC LONDON: X MARKS THE SPOT. Question 75. A baying mob dragging a Government official out of Westminster Abbey and cutting his head off? What was that all about?

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